﻿ ..

# ..

 x = any expression with .. x(id) = any expression with .. x(id1:id2) = any expression with .. x(id1:id2,jd1:jd2) = any expression with .. x(t1~t2) = any expression with ..

Replicator; Replicate what's in the left hand side to the right hand side

 Commutative N/A
 Data Types

This applies to multiple cases of expressions, not necessarily tied to one data type.

 Notes Whatever is on the left hand side is being replicated to the right hand side with .. . Therefore,very_long_variable_name = any_function(..)is equivalent to:very_long_variable_name = any_function(very_long_variable_name) The dot (.) notation also applies; therefore, the following is also an equivalent statement:very_long_variable_name = ...any_functionas long as any_function supports the object function style. Conceptually, you might understand this as a sort of an advanced compound assignment operator:x = x + 50 can be written as either x += 50 or x = .. + 50On the other hand, x = sqrt(x) can't be written with a regular compound assignment operator, but .. works perfectly: x = sqrt(..) This feature will save you from tedious typings or copy-pastings across left and right hand sides.
 Examples You have a vector with a long variable name, if you append a value to it. You may write it in the vector form or use ++long_var_name = [long_var_name more_values]long_var_name = long_var_name ++ more_values orlong_var_name ++= more_valuesBut if values are inserted before it, you can't use ++=. Then, instead of typing long_var_name again on the RHS, justlong_var_name = [values ..] orlong_var_name = values ++ .. will do it. You want to modify a part of a signal: for example,AUX> x=wave("mop"); To distort the signal from 400 to 500 ms by applying sqrt, do this:AUX> x(400~500) = ...sqrt; This is a more efficient way of coding. Internally, the expression x(400~500) = x(400~500).sqrt evaluates x(400~500) twice for the LHS and RHS, but the use of .. bypasses one.

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